Praise be to Allaah.
The jinn are accountable just as humans are; those of them
who obey Allah will enter Paradise, and those who disobey Him will enter
Hell. The words of the Qur’aan are addressed to them too and they will be
brought to account on the Day of Resurrection for their deeds, as Allah
says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And they have invented a kinship between Him and the
jinn, but the jinn know well that they have indeed to appear (before Him)
(i.e. they will be called to account)”
Mujaahid said: They will be brought to account, as it says in
Jaami‘al-Bayaan by al-Tabari (21/122). Imam al-Bukhaari (may Allah
have mercy on him) included a chapter in his Saheeh entitled “Mention
of the jinn and their reward and punishment”, in which he quoted some
verses, including this verse, and he quoted the tafseer of Mujaahid (may
Allah have mercy on him).
Al-‘Allaamah al-Sa‘di (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
i.e., these mushrikeen claimed there was a relationship
between Allah and the jinn, as the claim that the angels were the daughters
of Allah and that their mothers were the daughters of the masters among the
jinn. But in fact, the jinn know that they will be brought to account before
Allah, to be rewarded or punished, and if there were any relationship
between them and Him, that would not be the case. End quote.
Tafseer al-Kareem al-Rahmaan, p.
The evidence for this has been discussed in detail in the
answer to question number 2340
As for how the deeds of the jinn are recorded and whether
their situation in this regard is like that of humans, for each of whom
Allah has appointed two angels to record his deeds and watch over his
actions, that is a matter of the unseen which Allah has not told us about.
The verses and hadeeths that speak of that have to do with humans, not jinn,
as Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“O man! What has made you careless about your Lord, the
7. Who created you, fashioned you perfectly, and gave you
8. In whatever form He willed, He put you together.
9. Nay! But you deny Ad‑Deen (i.e. the Day of Recompense).
10. But verily, over you (are appointed angels in charge
of mankind) to watch you,
11. Kiraaman (Honourable) Kaatibeen —writing down (your
12. They know all that you do”
And He says:
“And indeed We have created man, and We know what his
ownself whispers to him. And We are nearer to him than his jugular vein (by
17. (Remember) that the two receivers (recording angels)
receive (each human being), one sitting on the right and one on the left (to
note his or her actions).
18. Not a word does he (or she) utter but there is a
watcher by him ready (to record it)”
So knowledge of the jinn remains with the Creator alone, in
addition to the fact that there is little benefit in pursuing knowledge of
such matters that have nothing to do with belief and on which no actions are
And Allah knows best.