I had an argument with my wife and I swore that I would not have intercourse with her until I was pleased with her. I said that she would be like my sister until I was pleased with her, but I did not have any intention of divorce or anything else, but I wanted to threaten her so that she would realize that she was in the wrong. After a few days when we had calmed down, I had intercourse with her. Is there any sin on me?.
Praise be to Allaah.
If you swore
that you would not have intercourse with your wife until you were pleased
with her, and indeed you did not have intercourse with her until you were
pleased with her, then there is no sin on you for this oath, because you did
not break it.
to your wife “You are like my sister until I am pleased with you” is a kind
a zihaar (a jaahili form of divorce) which Allaah has forbidden and has
described as evil and false. Even though the words “like my sister” are not
the same as the words “like my sister’s back,” if there is the intention of
zihaar or anything that could indicate that, then it is zihaar. The
indication that it is zihaar is that happens at the time of an argument or
when one is angry, as was explained by Ibn Qudaamah (may Allaah have mercy
on him) in al-Mughni (8/6). But if there was no such intention or
indication then it is not zihaar.
“You are like my sister until I am pleased” is a temporary form of zihaar
which lasted until you were pleased with her. Based on this, if you had
intercourse with your wife before you were pleased with her, then you have
to offer the expiation for zihaar, but if you had intercourse with her after
you were pleased with her, then you do not have to do anything.
(may Allaah have mercy on him) said: Temporary zihaar is valid, such as
saying, “You are to me like the back of my mother for one month, or until
the month of Ramadaan is over.” When the time has passed, zihaar is no
longer in effect and his wife becomes permissible with no expiation, and he
does not take her back except by having intercourse within the specified
time. This is the view of Ibn ‘Abbaas, ‘Ata’, Qataadah, al-Thawri, Ishaaq
and Abu Thawr, and it is one of the two views of al-Shaafa’i… because of the
hadeeth of Salamah ibn Sakhar, who said: “I have separated from my wife by
zihaar until the month of Ramadaan is over.” But he told the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that he had had intercourse with
her during that month, and he told him to offer the expiation, but he did
not rebuke him for setting a time limit. End quote from al-Mughni
‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) gave an example of temporary
zihaar when he said: This is something that often happens when a man gets
angry with his wife because of her bad conduct, so he says, ‘You are to me
like my mother’s back for the rest of this week, or this month,’ and so on.
This is valid as zihaar, but our saying that it is valid does not mean that
it is permissible; rather what it means is that it counts. If the time
period stated for zihaar ends and he has intercourse with her after that,
then no expiation is required, because the time has ended and the ruling on
zihaar no longer applies. But if the husband has intercourse with his wife
during the time that he stipulated as zihaar, then he must offer expiation.
But if the time ends and he has intercourse after that, then zihaar no
longer applies. End quote from al-Sharh al-Mumti’ ‘ala Zaad al-Mustaqni’,
You have to
seek the forgiveness of Allaah and repent to Him for committing this evil
action. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
among you who make their wives unlawful to them by Zihaar (i.e., by saying
to them “You are like my mother’s back,”) they cannot be their mothers. None
can be their mothers except those who gave them birth. And verily, they
utter an ill word and a lie. And verily, Allaah is Oft‑Pardoning,