I read in the answer to question no. 21870 that is it prescribed for those who are present with a dying Muslim to recite Soorat Yaa-Seen for him, because it makes it easier for the soul to depart. Is there any evidence for that?.
Praise be to Allaah.
The majority of scholars (including the Hanafis, Shaafa’is
and Hanbalis) are of the view that it is mustahabb to recite Soorat Yaa-Seen
in the presence of one who is dying, and they quoted a number of things as
evidence for that, but the evidence is not free of some weakness.
Ahmad (19789) and Abu Dawood (3121) narrated that Ma’qil ibn
Yasaar (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Recite Yaa Seen for your dying
This hadeeth is da’eef (weak) and was classed as such by
al-Nawawi in al-Adhkaar. Ibn Hijr said in al-Talkhees (2/104):
Ibn al-Qattaan described it as da’eef because there is some problem with it
and it is mawqoof, and because the status of the narrator Abu ‘Uthmaan and
his father is unknown. Ibn al-‘Arabi narrated from al-Daaraqutni that it is
a hadeeth whose isnaad is weak and whose text is unknown elsewhere, and
there is no saheeh hadeeth on this topic. End quote.
It was also classed as da’eef by al-Albaani in Irwa’
Ahmad (4/105 and 16521) narrated that Safwaan said: The
shaykhs told me that they were present with Ghudayf ibn al-Haarith
al-Thumaali (a Sahaabi) when his death throes grew intense. He said: Is
there anyone among you who can recite Yaa Seen? Saalih ibn Shurayh
al-Sakooni recited it and when he reached the fortieth verse, he passed
away. The shaykhs used to say: If it is recited in the presence of the dying
person, he finds relief thereby. Safwaan said: ‘Eesa ibn al-Mu’tamari
narrated it in the presence of Ma’bad.
Al-Haafiz said in al-Isaabah (5/324): its isnaad is
See also: al-Majmoo’ (5/105); Sharh Muntaha
al-Iraadaat (1/341); Haashiyat Ibn ‘Aabideen (2/191).
This view was favoured by Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may
Allaah have mercy on him), who said in al-Ikhtiyaaraat (p. 91):
Reciting Qur’aan over the deceased after he has died is a
bid’ah (innovation), unlike reciting for the one who is dying, when it is
mustahabb to recite Yaa Seen. End quote.
They said: the reason why it is mustahabb to recite it is
that this soorah includes mention of Tawheed and the Resurrection, and the
glad tidings of Paradise for the one who dies believing in Tawheed, as
Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “Would that my people knew
That my Lord (Allaah) has forgiven me” [Yaa Seen 36:26-27]. So the soul
is comforted by that and it is easier for it to come out.
See: Mataalib Ooli al-Nuha (1/837).
Imam Maalik (may Allaah have mercy on him) was of the view
that it is makrooh to recite Soorah Yaa Seen or any other soorah in the
presence of the dying person, because of the weakness of the hadeeth which
speaks of that, and because it was not what people did.
See: al-Fawaakih al-Dawaani (1/284); Sharh Muhtadar Khaleel,
Shaykh al-Albaani said in Ahkaam al-Janaa’iz:
With regard to reciting Soorat Yaa Seen in the presence of
the dying person, and turning him to face the qiblah, there is no saheeh
report concerning that. End quote.
Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him)
was asked: Is it permissible to recite Soorat Yaa Seen when a person is
Reciting Soorat Yaa Seen when a person is dying is mentioned
in the hadeeth of Ma’qil ibn Yasaar, according to which the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Recite Yaa Seen for your
dying ones.” It was classed as saheeh by several scholars who thought that
its isnaad was jayyid and that it was narrated by Abu ‘Uthmaan al-Nahdi from
Ma’qil ibn Yasaar. Others classed it as da’eef and said: the one who
narrated it is not Abu ‘Uthmaan al-Nahdi, rather it is another person who is
unknown. What is well known about the hadeeth is that it is da’eef because
nothing is known about Abu ‘Uthmaan. So it is not mustahabb to recite it for
the one who is dying. The one who said that that is mustahabb thought that
the hadeeth was saheeh, so he described it as mustahabb. But reciting
Qur’aan in the presence of one who is sick is a good thing, and Allaah may
benefit him through that. But with regard to singling out Soorat Yaa Seen,
the basic principle is that the hadeeth is da’eef (weak) so there are no
grounds for singling out this soorah. End quote.
Fataawa Ibn Baaz, 13/93
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was
asked: Is reciting Soorat Yaa Seen for one who is dying proven in the Sunnah
Reciting Soorat Yaa Seen for one who is dying is Sunnah
according to many scholars, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) said: “Recite Yaa Seen for your dying ones.” But some of
the scholars spoke about this hadeeth and said that it is da’eef. According
to those who classed it as saheeh, reciting this soorah is Sunnah, and
according to those who classed it is da’eef it is not Sunnah. And Allaah
knows best. End quote.
Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthyameen (17/72).
He also said:
“Recite Yaa Seen for your dying ones” – this hadeeth is
da’eef (weak) and there is some weakness in it. If the hadeeth is saheeh,
the time for reciting it is at the time of death, when the death-throes
begin; that is when Soorat Yaa Seen may be recited for him. The scholars
said: There is some benefit in it, which is that it makes it easier for the
soul to come out, because in it Allaah says (interpretation of the
“It was said (to him when the disbelievers killed him):
‘Enter Paradise.’ He said: ‘Would that my people knew
27. ‘That my Lord (Allaah) has forgiven me, and made me of
the honoured ones!’”
[Yaa Seen 36:26-27]
So this may be recited in the presence of the one who is
dying if the hadeeth is saheeh, but there is no basis for reciting it over
the grave. End quote.
Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (17/74).