If I divorced my wife with one talaaq, whilst she is still in her ‘iddah is it permissible for me to do a new misyaar marriage contract?
Do I have to do get the permission of her guardians for a new marriage contract?
If her guardian did not know about the misyaar marriage and did not agree to it, is it permissible for the imam to take the place of her guardian?.
Praise be to Allaah.
If a man divorces his wife with one talaaq, it is permissible
for him to take her back so long as she is still within the ‘iddah period.
Taking her back may be done verbally, or by having intercourse with her with
the intention of taking her back. If the ‘iddah has ended, he cannot take
her back except with a new marriage contract.
He may also marry a second wife before divorcing the first
one or afterwards or during the ‘iddah, because there is no connection
between the two matters. And he does not have to tell the first wife or get
her agreement, because Allah has permitted the man to have four wives on
condition that he treat them fairly. Allah, may He be exalted, says
(interpretation of the meaning): “then marry (other) women of your
choice, two or three, or four; but if you fear that you shall not be able to
deal justly (with them), then only one” [al-Nisa’ 4:3].
A misyaar marriage, if it fulfils the conditions of marriage,
namely the consent of the woman, the presence of her guardian and two
witnesses, and the mahr, is a valid marriage and there is nothing wrong with
a woman yielding some of her rights to accommodation, a share of her
husband’s time or maintenance.
But marriage without the guardian is not valid, because the
Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “There is no
marriage except with a guardian.” Narrated by Abu Dawood (2085), al-Tirmidhi
(1101) and Ibn Maajah (1881) from the hadeeth of Abu Moosa al-Ash‘ari;
classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.
And the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him)
said: “There is no marriage except with a guardian and two witnesses of good
character.” Narrated by al-Bayhaqi from the hadeeth of ‘Imraan and
‘Aa’ishah; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami‘, no.
And he (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Any
woman who gets married without the permission of her guardian, her marriage
is invalid, her marriage is invalid, her marriage is invalid.” Narrated by
Ahmad (24417), Abu Dawood (2083) and al-Tirmidhi (1102); classed as saheeh
by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami‘, no. 2709.
It is not permissible to conceal the matter from her guardian
and the marriage is not valid unless it is done by the guardian himself or
the guardian delegates someone to do the marriage contract on his behalf.
It is not permissible for the imam to take his place unless
the guardian has delegated him to do the marriage contract.
The condition of the guardian being present is emphatically
stipulated in the case of misyaar marriage, so as to differentiate between
it and immoral relationships.
See also the answer to question no.
And Allah knows best.