I read a hadeeth from Jubayr (may Allah be pleased with him) which says that the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “When you want to set out on a journey, you have recite Soorat al-Kaafiroon, an-Nasr, al-Ikhlaas, al-Falaq and an-Naas, but in one go, and start with the basmalah and end with the basmalah.” We need an answer to this in the light of the Qur’aan and Sunnah.
Praise be to Allaah.
The text of the hadeeth referred to in the question is as
It was narrated that Jubayr ibn Mut‘im said: The Messenger of
Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said to me: “O Jubayr, when
you set out on a journey, would you like to be the best of your companions
in appearance and quantity of provisions?” I said: Yes, may my father and
mother be sacrificed for you. He said: “Recite these five soorahs: ‘Qul
ya ayyuhal kaafiroon’ [al-Kaafiroon 109], ‘Idha ja’a nasr Allahi wal fath’
[al-Nasr 110], Qul Huwa Allahu ahad [al-Ikhlaas 112], Qul a‘oodhi bi
rabbi’l-falaq [al-Falaq 113] and Qul a‘oodhu bi raabi’n-naas
[an-Naas 114]. Start your recitation by saying Bismillah ir-Rahmaan
ir-Raheem and end your recitation by saying Bismillah ir-Rahmaan ir-Raheem.”
Jubayr said: I was rich and had a great deal of wealth, and I used to set
out with whomever Allah willed I should set out with on a journey, and I
would be the worst of them in appearance and the least in terms of
provisions. From the time the Messenger of Allah (blessing and peace of
Allah be upon him) taught me it, I have never stopped reciting them, and I
am one of the best of them in appearance and have the most provisions, until
I come back from my journey.
This was narrated by Abu Ya‘la in his Musnad, 13/339,
hadeeth no 7419.
This is a da‘eef (weak) hadeeth; its isnaad includes unknown
Al-Haythami said concerning it in Majma‘ az-Zawaa’id
(10/134): (Its isnaad) includes people who I do not know.
Shaykh al-Albaani said concerning it in as-Silsilah
ad-Da‘eefah (6963): (it is) munkar.
Based on that, it is not valid to quote this hadeeth as
evidence to suggest that it is mustahabb to recite any soorahs of the
Qur’aan before travelling. By the same token, it is not valid to quote it as
evidence for saying the basmalah at the beginning of each soorah.
See also the answer to question no.
And Allah knows best.